The Blue Mosque was built between 1609 and 1616, by the architect Mehmet Ağa, instructed by Sultan Ahmed I. It was designed as an imperial show of strength to complement the imposing Hagia Sophia, which faces it across Sultanahmet Square. Unlike the Hagia Sophia, however it is supported by four 'elephant foot' pillars, and the central dome (23.5m in diameter and 43m high) is flanked by four semi-domes, making it nearly a square in shape. It is dubbed the Blue Mosque because of over 20,000 handmade ceramic Iznik tiles that decorate the interior, featuring many different tulip, rose, carnation, and lily designs, well lit by 260 windows.
Blue Mosque is also known as Sultan Ahmet Camii or Sultan Ahmed Mosque
Amazing facts about Blue Mosque
Aside from its staggering size and exquisite beauty, one of the most distinctive elements of this Istanbul mosque is that it has six minarets, as opposed to the usual two or four of most of the city’s mosques. In the history of the Blue Mosque, legend has it that this is because of a misunderstanding – when the Sultan decreed there should be altın minare (gold minarets), the architect heard altı minare (six minarets) – an easy mistake to make! This caused some controversy, as the only other mosque with six minarets at that time was the Prophet’s mosque in Mecca – a problem the sultan overcame by ordering a seventh to be added in Mecca.
Blue Mosque is the one and only mosque in Istanbul with six minarets. Photo by Flicker user Ming-yen Hsu
Although it is one of Istanbul's most popular sights, it is still a working mosque, and is therefore closed to tourists during prayer time. In general, the opening hours of the mosques are from 9 am until one hour before dusk each day, excluding 90 minutes each prayer time, and two hours during Friday noon prayers. It is advised to dress respectfully when visiting, although shawls and outer garments are given at the door if necessary.
Exterior of Blue Mosque, Istanbul. Photo by Flicker user Sarah J Murray.
The easiest way to get there is to take a tram to Sultanahmet, from where is it is two minute walk. Be advised, in busy times, there is often a queue to get in. From Blue Mosque to Hagia Sophia it's only two minutes walking distance.
Bronze entrance gate of Blue Mosque, Istanbul
Set in the historic old city, the Istanbul Blue Mosque is also close to a number of other sights, including the Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, the Archeology Museum, the Basilica Cistern and the Grand Bazaar. You can also pay a visit to the tomb of Sultan Ahmed I, located just outside the precinct wall, northwest of the mosque. Like the mosque itself, it is free to visit, and ornately decorated with more 17th century Iznik tiles.
Hand made Iznik tiles of Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Istanbul
Are there any hotels close to Blue Mosque?
Located in the most popular touristy area, there are a number of accommodation options close by to suit all budgets. Some of the luxury hotels include the Four Seasons Sultanahmet, and Armada Sultanahmet.